In 1994, Lanzarote was declared a Reserve of the Biosphere by UNESCO. Lanzarote lies in the Atlantic Ocean, about 100 km from the African coast and 1,000 km from the Iberian Peninsular. It is the most easterly of the seven main Canary Islands, once known as the Fortune Islands. It has a population of almost 100,000 with most living in the south-central part of the island.
In earlier days, fishing and agriculture formed the basis of the island's economy but these have long been overtaken by an excellent tourist industry. Considerable care has been taken to preserve the islands historical and cultural heritage together with its character and customs.
Owing to its advantageous position, the island enjoys an average all-year-round temperature of around 22ºC.