Capital of the Austrian district of Salzburg, on the River Salzach, population 144,000. Surrounded by the Festungsberg with its fortress and the peaks of the
Mönchsberg, Hohensalzburg and the Kapuzinerberg with the Capuchin Monastery.
Charming old city ; Italian Baroque Cathedral, St. Peter's Benedictine Abbey
Collegiate Church, Baroque Mirabell Castle, Music Academy, Mozart Museum, Festival Hall, churches, palaces, monuments, fountains and Renaissance buildings, Mozart's birthplace.
The Residence Square with its fountain is the largest of five typical squares. Close to the Cathedral Square and Capital Square.
Enchanting Getreidegasse is the touristic heart of the old city. The most popular destination is the house where Mozart was born.
The Hohensalzburg Fortress can be reached by funicular. Construction was begun in 1077 and the fortress was continually extended until the 16th century. It was a place of refuge for the archbishops of Salzburg.